AK -- Varia

Jüdisches Kinderleben im Spiegel jüdischer Kinderbücher: eine Ausstellung der Universitätsbibliothek Oldenburg mit dem Kindheitsmuseum Marburg [Jewish Children's Life as Reflected in Jewish Children's Books: An Exhibit of the Oldenburg University Library and the Children's Museum of Marburg]. Ed. Helge-Ulrike Hyams. Oldenburg: BIS, Bibliotheks- und Informationssystem der Univ. Oldenburg, 1998. 475 p. ill. 26 cm. pp. 285-474: Bibliographischer Teil [Bibliographic Section]. ISBN 3-8142-0644-4: DM 50.00. (BIS, Verlag, Uhlhornsweg 49-55, D-26129 Oldenburg) [00-1/4-032]

In 1998 the library of Oldenburg University presented its annual children's literature exhibit on the theme of Jewish children's books, using items from the library collections, the Children's Museum of Marburg, and other libraries. This generously illustrated catalog includes contributions by 24 authors on topics relating to the life and literature of German-Jewish children from the mid-18th century to the Nazi period from a variety of perspectives (e.g., personal, literary, and historical). The focus in the volume is on books that address Jewish orthodoxy. Accordingly, not all the authors included are Jewish; and Jewish authors of children's books without a focus on Jewish life are omitted. The extensive bibliographic section lists 422 annotated entries divided into twelve subject groupings and includes an author and title index (which, unfortunately, is not true of the essay section).

The catalog is a good complement to the comprehensive bibliography Deutsch-jüdische Kinder- und Jugendliteratur von der Haskala bis 1945 (1996). [hew/sl]

"Böse Kinder": kommentierte Bibliographie von Struwwelpetriaden und Max-und-Moritziaden mit biographischen Daten zu Verfassern und Illustratoren ["Bad Children:" Annotated Bibliography of Books Written in the Struwwelpeter and Max and Moritz Traditions with Biographical Information on Authors and Illustrators]. Reiner Rühle. Osnabrück: Wenner, 1999. 735 p. ill. 25 cm. (Bibliographien des Antiquariats H. Th. Wenner, 4). ISBN 3-87898-357-3: DM 380.00 [00-1/4-033]

Struwwelpeter and Max und Moritz, two of the most popular and successful German children's books, were not only widely read but also widely imitated. This comprehensive bibliography documents this special and popular form of picture book for children, listing adaptations, imitations, and parodies. Depicting disobedient children, their function was pedagogical--they were supposed to terrify children into obedience--but they also had the effect of entertaining them with the mischief they depicted.

The two stories characterize distinct types of problems: Struwwelpeter stories emphasize the depiction of childish mistakes and vices, whose punishment arises out of the offence itself or is undertaken by adults. Max and Moritz stories tell of a more serious level of misbehavior, motivated by arrogance or malice, and punished by the victim's vengeance, by the consequences of the prank, or by third parties, e.g., state and society (often the police).

The clear differentiation between the stories makes it possible to enumerate their successors separately. For Struwwelpeter, this bibliography presents a classified listing of 1,577 works published world-wide (also including anthologized stories, children's supplements to newspapers, satirical magazines, etc.). Because editions published through duration of the copyright--the 539th edition, 1925--will be covered in a forthcoming bibliography by Ute Liebert, Struwwelpeter's early bibliographic history is only sketched in this volume. Similarly, translations are not included, because they will be addressed by another bibliography, by Walter Sauer. The Max und Moritz section encompasses 2,208 titles, also omitting original editions (for which Ute Liebert has already published a bibliography) and translations (listed in a bibliography by Manfred Görlach).

Compiled by a collector for collectors, this work is a gold mine of information on authors, illustrators, and publishers of children's books. Its bibliographies of secondary works are small and specialized; important bibliographic references are found only in the annotations. Nonetheless, because it includes holdings information and many illustrative examples, this is an exemplary bibliography. [hew/sl]

Les livres pour l'enfance et la jeunesse de Gutenberg à Guizot: les collections de la Bibliothèque de l'Institut National de Recherche Pédagogique [Books for Children and Youth from Gutenberg to Guizot: The Collections of the Library of the National Institute for Pedagogical Research]. Françoise Huguet. Paris: Institut National de Recherche Pédagogique; Klincksieck, 1997. 413 p. ill. 25 cm. ISBN 2-7342-0579-3 (Institut...); ISBN 2-252-03185-9 (Klincksieck): FF 180.00 [00-1/4-034]

This excellent bibliography lists the older part (910 titles) of a 25,000-volume collection founded in 1879: 32 titles from the 16th century, over 100 from the 17th century, and the remainder from the 18th and 19th centuries up to 1834. A cross section of French, and some German, publications is covered. By the estimate of the author they constitute one-fifth of the books of this genre that appeared during the period in question.

Titles are ordered alphabetically by title, with full bibliographic and physical descriptions, a short summary of the contents, and bibliographical references. There are eight indexes. These include titles, illustrators and engravers, publishers and printers, place of publication, and two indexes of names: for persons mentioned in the front matters, and for persons identified as prize recipients or on an Ex libris plate. A subject index organized around 37 main subjects follows. Finally, there is an index of authors accompanied by short biographies and bibliographies of their works.

A chronological listing is lacking, and the numbering system betrays some inconsistencies. There are nearly 70 illustrations. Related publications include Paul Gavrault's Les Livres de l'Enfance du XVe au XIXe Siècle. (Paris, 1930; reprinted in 1967 and 1985); Laura Noesser's Fonds Anciens de littérature pour la jeunesse (Paris, 1987); and Annie Renonciat's Livre, Mon Ami: Lectures Enfantines 1914-1954 (Paris, 1991). [hew/jpn]

Janosch: Katalog; mit einer vorläufigen Bibliographie seiner bisher erschienenen Bücher [Janosch: A Catalog; With a Preliminary Bibliography of His Books Published to Date]. Ed. Axel Feuß and Andreas J. Meyer. Gifkendorf: Merlin-Verlag, 1998. 143 p. ill. 25 cm. ISBN 3-926112-76-X (Museum ed., paperback): DM 29.00; ISBN 3-926112-77-8 (cloth): DM 38.00 [00-1/4-036]

Janosch (pseudonym for Horst Eckert) is probably the most successful book illustrator today; 150 picture books have appeared since 1960 with his texts and illustrations. This catalog accompanied a 1998 exhibition that appeared at six locations. It includes nine articles by experts on children's books and illustration, including Jens Thiele, Horst Künnemann, Werner Timm, Bernd Dolle-Weinkauf, and Corola Pohlmann. There is coverage of illustrations for books, posters, calendars, t-shirts, and toothbrushes, and also examples of the use of Janosch's art on toys and other products.

There is a bibliography of 386 book editions, including 150 for children, that Feuß calls "an attempt at a nearly complete Janosch bibliography." The bibliography has a main chronological listing, including later editions, followed by a listing of foreign editions. Unfortunately, there is no indication of pagination or numbers of editions, and there is no title index. Shorter sections of the bibliography list texts written for other illustrators, illustrations for other authors, books for adults, "Janosch on Janosch," and a short biography. Fifty illustrations, mostly in color, give a good impression of Janosch's work as an illustrator. [hew/jpn]

Klassiker der Kinder- und Jugendliteratur: ein internationales Lexikon [Classics of Children's and Youth Literature: An International Encyclopedia]. Bettina Kümmerling-Meibauer. Stuttgart; Weimar: Metzler, 1999. 2 vols. xxvi, 1,235 p. ill. 25 cm. ISBN 3-476-01235-2: DM 198.00 [00-1/4-037]

This work presents 534 books for children and youth from 65 countries on 1,235 double-column pages. "Classics" are defined as works that played a prominent role in the children's literature of a country or language and were remarkable for their literary quality. Literary quality is defined in terms of eight criteria, of which three are required for a work to be included. The listed works include 79 from Great Britain, 57 from the USA, 42 from Russia, and 29 from Germany.

Each entry provides a biography of the book's author, and prizes received, bibliographic information, contents, detailed publication history including adaptations, significance of the work, and its reception. The editor indicates she has resisted a temptation to apply European/North American aesthetic criteria in deciding what to include, and she has excluded picture books because of a lack of space. But the decisions about what to include or exclude are not consistent or convincing in some cases, perhaps inevitably, as determining whether three qualitative criteria have been satisfied is clearly subjective.

Despite its limitations, this work fills a major gap and provides coverage not available in other publications. There is an extensive scholarly introduction, and the end matter substantially increases this title's usefulness with a bibliography, listings by country, and indexes for titles and authors. [hew/jpn]

Livres d'enfants russes et soviétiques (1917-1945): dans les collections de L'Heure Joyeuse et dans les bibliothèques françaises; catalogue en forme de dictionnaire des illustrateurs [Russian and Soviet Children's Books (1917-1945) in the Collections of L'Heure Joyeuse and Other French Libraries: Catalog in the Form of a Dictionary of Illustrators]. Françoise Lévèque and Serge Plantureux. Paris: Agence Culturelle de Paris, 1997. xxxvii, 309 p. ill. 27 cm. Cover title: Dictionnaire des illustrateurs de livres d'enfants russes 1917-1945. ISBN 2-843310-15-6: FF 190.00 (Vilo 2 Diffusion, 25, rue Ginoux, F-75015 Paris) [00-1/4-039]

This dictionary provides brief biographies of approximately 200 Russian and Soviet illustrators of children's books, many of whom fled to Paris in the twenties and thirties and found work with French publishing companies. The names of the illustrators are given both in French transcription and in the original Cyrillic script, but are alphabetized according to the French versions. Each entry includes not only information concerning the illustrator's life and career, but also some of the titles of books the person illustrated, together with at least two--and often numerous--sample illustrations (unfortunately, only in black-and-white and of poor quality). There is a name index, an index of the places of publication (regrettably St. Petersburg/Leningrad, Moscow, and Paris are omitted), and a language index (only the languages of the former Soviet Union and Hebrew are included). A comparison with a 1989 Zürich exhibit catalog (War es--war es nicht? Folklore und Sachlichkeit im russischen und sovjetischen Kinderbuch seit 1900 [Was it, or Wasn't it? Folklore and Realism in Russian and Soviet Children's Books since 1900]) suggests that some illustrators have been overlooked. Nevertheless this is a very useful work, not only because of the significant artistic content of these books and the important role that Paris played in the history of Russian children's literature, but also because biographical information concerning these illustrators is otherwise difficult to find. [hew/ldl]

Polnische Literatur in deutscher Übersetzung: Bibliographie--Deutsches Polen-Institut [Polish Literature in German Translation: Bibliography--German Poland-Institute]. Ed. Manfred Mack. Darmstadt: Deutsches Polen-Institut, 1999. 63 p. ISBN 83-88292-40-4 (Alexandraweg 28, D-64287 Darmstadt, fax [49 6151] 4985-10, e-mail: mack.dpi@t-online.de) [00-1/4-042]

1985/98 (1999). 63 p. ISBN 83-88292-40-4: Price not listed

This bibliography, compiled annually by the German Poland-Institute, is a revised summary of the series of bibliographies entitled "Polish Literature in German Translation," which have appeared in the Institute's yearbook. The long span of time covered by this cumulative bibliography is very welcome, given the difficulty of searching the individual issues from which it is compiled. In terms of coverage, the present volume picks up where the previous German Poland-Institute bibliography, covering translations up to 1985, left off. All in all, this particular title and a similar one by Ingrid Kuhnke, Polnische schöne Literatur in deutscher Übersetzung 1900-1992/93 [Polish Literary Works in German Translation, 1900-1992/93], published in 1995, provide excellent bibliographic access to translations of Polish literature into German. [sh/fcms]

Literatur aus Portugal und dem portugiesischsprachigen Afrika: übersetzbare lieferbare Titel; eine kommentierte Bibliographie [Literature from Portugal and from Portugese-Speaking Africa: Annotated Bibliography of German Translations in Print]. Ed. Michael Kegler. Frankfurt am Main: Ferrer de Mesquita (TFM), 1997. 95 p. ill. 21 cm. Previous title: Literatur aus Portugal. ISSN: 1439-3060 [00-1/4-043]

2 (2000). 95 p. Ill. ISBN 3-925203-59-1: DM 10.00

The first issue of the index of available German translations of Portuguese literature was published on the occasion of the Frankfurt Book Fair in 1997, at which Portugal was the featured nation. With a cutoff date of May 2000, the second edition lists 139 individual translations (omitting anthologies), of which 24 are new publications by writers who have been part of the alphabetical index of authors since 1997. Brief biographical information, a few small photographic portraits, and short summaries are provided. This is followed by a section on anthologies, as well as selected titles in the categories of secondary literature, journals, books on Portugal, and literary Portugal. Next is an index of literature from Africa (Angola, Cabo Verde, Mozambique) with categories comparable to those in the main part of the volume. Brazilian literature in German translation is not represented in this volume, because it and the works of other Latin American countries are covered by Klaus Küppers's Bücher zu Lateinamerika.

This small bibliography was published by the Frankfurt publishing house, Teo Ferrer de Mesquita (TFM), one of the few German publishing houses specializing in this category of literature. TFM also operates a mail order business dealing in books and records in Portuguese. [sh/fcms]

Slowakische Literatur in deutschen Übersetzungen

Slowakische Literatur in deutschen Übersetzungen: eine Bibliographie der Buchveröffentlichungen 1900-1998 [Slovak Literature in German Translation: Bibliography of Publications, 1900-1998]. Ludwig Richter. Martin: Matica Slovenská, 1999. 315 p. 24 cm. ISBN 80-7090-531-X: DM 45.00 [00-1/4-044]

Based on previous bibliographies of translations, national bibliographies, as well as research in online catalogs, this bibliography lists altogether 691 titles (actually 700 because of inserted numbers) in three sections: (1) folklore, (2) fiction and poetry, and (3) children's and youth literature. The last two are subdivided into anthologies and individual authors. The folklore section (which contains only anthologies) and the fiction and poetry section take up many pages because their content is described in great detail. Only Slovakian titles in international bibliographies and only Slovakian works of the Yugoslavian literatures are included. The segments on individual authors give only the birth and death dates and places. The works are arranged in chronological order, and for collections the content is described in great detail. The majority of authors are not represented by works published as independent titles; however, access to anthologized works is provided by bibliographic reference to the location in anthologies where those works appear. Both the original title and its translation are given. Title information is detailed and standardized according to ISBD(M), not ISBN, as erroneously stated. There is (1) a list of translators and other contributors involved (with their role) and (2) a list of publishing houses. There is no author index since they can be found in the section on individual authors. [sh/fcms]

Bibliographie der ungarischen Literatur des 20. Jahrhunderts in deutscher Sprache [Bibliography of 20th-Century Hungarian Literature in German Translation]. Comp. Werner Schweikert. Flein bei Heilbronn: Schweikert, 2000. x, 1,020 p. 22 cm. ISBN 3-933696-01-1: DM 118.00 (Verlag Werner Schweikert, Haigernstr. 24, D-74223 Flein, fax [49-7131] 58210-50) [00-1/4-045]

Both a successful businessman (in stove manufacturing) and a passionate bookman, Werner Schweikert possesses by far the largest private collection of 20th-century world literature in German translation. His 90,000-volume personal library contains some 43,000 translations of world literature--a resource from which many researchers, needing to fill gaps in their bibliographies of literature in translation, have profited.

This two-part bibliography extends far beyond Schweikert's personal collection. The editor strives for comprehensive coverage by including titles listed in national and other specialized bibliographies. Part One covers 745 authors of belles lettres, scholarly monographs (e.g., András Alföldi, Karl Kerényi, and Györgi Lukács), children's literature, and émigré literature, including many works published in German. Each entry gives every desired bibliographic detail and publishing event, down to the names of the cover designers and the book producers. Part Two describes 138 anthologies and provides a detailed table of contents for each one. A combined appendix lists the bibliographies and directories used as sources for the entries. Each part has its own index. The work's 398 illustrations are devoted mainly to book jackets before 1945.

Particularly praiseworthy is the attractive typographical layout. Werner Schweikert had intended to publish this bibliography in time for the 1999 Frankfurt Book Fair, at which Hungary was the country of honor. That his high-quality work did not appear until June of 2000 is of small consequence, because this excellent bibliography will permanently endure beyond the original occasion for its publication. [sh/ga]

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