2003

BD -- Literature and Literary Studies


Dictionnaire mondial des littératures [World Dictionary of Literatures]. Paris: Larousse, 2002. 1,017 p. 29 cm. ISBN: 2035051207: EUR 68

An RREO Original Review

There are few works that attempt to encompass the whole of world literature - Afghanistan to Zimbabwe and authors to theory - from earliest known writings to the present day, let alone in one volume. These encyclopedias of world literature are treated by the Guide to Reference Books, ed. Robert Balay, 11th ed. (Chicago, 1996 [hereinafter Balay]) items BE58-BE72, and Walford's Guide to Reference Material, vol. 3: Generalia, Language & Literature, the Arts, ed. Anthony Chalcraft et al., 7th rev. ed. (London, 1998) [hereinafter Walford7: 3]), items 6430-6441. One of the attractions of the Dictionnaire mondial des littératures [DML] is that its entries do offer a representational overview of world literatures. This broad scope also allows the editors to avoid (except in the geographical index) questions of nationality and identity. Current authors are well represented; the work as a whole indicates a preference for the contemporary. Some of the articles derive from the previously published Dictionnaire historique, thématique et technique des littératures: littératures françaises et étrangères, anciennes et modernes, edited by Jacques Demougin (Paris, 1985-1986; see Balay BE62 and Walford 7:3/6431). Similar to the earlier work, DML intends to cover a broad swath of the literary world, from authors to movements to national literatures; however, it does not encompass journals, prizes, societies, or publishers.

As might be expected, the DLM emphasizes French and francophone letters. The organization of the geographical index may perplex some. For example, anglophone Canadian authors are listed under United States, while Louisiana Creole writers have a separate listing. Of the 7,500 articles (7,000 on authors; 100 on national literatures; others on genres, movements, or anonymous works), approximately 900 cover French literature, and a further 250 touch on francophone authors or themes. French literature is the only geographic grouping that is divided by century. (French appears to be the language of over 15% of world literature.) Ethnocentrism is typical of literary reference works; for example, the highly selective World Authors 1990-1995 (cf. Balay BE205 and Walford 7 :3/6535) contains only three francophone writers (out of 320 essays).

Compared to articles in Les Ecrivains du monde edited by Pierre Brunel (Paris, 1984) or the Larousse Dictionary of Writers edited by Rosemary Goring (New York, 1994; see Walford 7:3/6536), the majority of those in DML are short, unsigned, biographical sketches of authors. Another similar work focusing on authors is the three-volume Laffont-Bompiani Nouveau dictionnaire des auteurs, ed. Paul de Roux (Paris, 1994; see Walford7: 3/6540), the companion set to the same publisher's six-volume Nouveau dictionnaire des Oeuvres de tous les temps et de tous les pays (1994), which covers individual works by title (see Walford7: 3/6440; see Balay BE63 for the aļ¬fliations of this Franco-Italian publishing project). The Nouveau dictionnaire, which has slightly fewer but much more detailed entries than the others, limits itself to authors born before 1951 (or deceased prior to 1994).

DLM entries consist of the author's full name, the genre for which he or she is best known, birth and death years, followed by a brief overview of the author's works with a few biographical details. Most entries are around four sentences in length. There are more detailed articles for more prominent writers, such as Corneille or Euripides, for whom plot summaries of major works are given. Shakespeare is given the longest essay at a full two-and-a-half pages.

Unlike Les Ecrivains du monde, Dictionary of Writers, or the Nouveau dictionnaire, the DLM has a number of articles covering the literature of a nation or a genre (such as the detective novel, which has a substantial section on the roman noir français, or the encyclopedia). These are much longer than the biographical entries, although similarly unsigned. The articles often conclude with a description of the current status and an indication of trends for the future of the subject. There are no cross references, although they would be useful.

The DML concludes with a 51-page bibliography (alphabetical by subject) containing both primary and secondary works. Currently available French translations of primary works are cited for non-francophone or classical authors. Secondary sources included are predominantly recent works in French. Accordingly, the authors with the greatest numbers of references are themselves French.

Unlike the other one-volume resources mentioned, this work attempts to extend its coverage beyond author biographies; also singular is the geographic index. This is a general volume, suitable as a desk reference. The limitations of the one-volume format are apparent in the brevity of the entries and lack of any attempt to list authors' complete works. The broad scope and currency of the volume, as well as its very emphasis on francophone and French literatures, make it a useful reference work for establishing basic facts or for authors who may not be well known outside of France. While it is a good choice for those seeking to update their one-volume reference works, those interested in a more in-depth analysis or bibliography should refer directly to either a more focused source or a multi-volume set.

Metzler-Lexikon Gender Studies - Geschlechterforschung: Ansätze, Personen, Grundbegriffe [Metzler Lexicon of Gender Studies: Methods, People, Concepts]. Ed. Renate Kroll. Stuttgart; Weimar: Metzler [03-1-116] Vol. 7. 2002. 425 p. 24 cm. ISBN 3-476-01817-2: EUR 39.90

Even those who have tended to be forgiving of the kind of one-sided approach to gender studies that evaluates everything under the sun exclusively according to gender and inevitably comes up with the verdict of "discrimination against women" will surely question the meaning and necessity of such studies after perusing this lexicon. The work assembles, in alphabetical order, the most disparate key words from the most unrelated scholarly fields, as well as the names of women of greater and lesser significance in the history of the women's rights movement, often giving an equal amount of space to minor and major topics. Upon reading almost any of the articles, one is inclined to question not only the usefulness of the methodology applied but also the scholarly competence of the authors. In every case, objectivity has been sacrificed in favor of a biased and simplified explanation of complex issues. Reference works of this type do little to promote works written by women; that is best done by encouraging readers to study the originals. [gr/akb]

Die Literatur im Bezirk Leipzig 1945-1990: eine Bibliographie der Bücher und Zeitschriften [Literature in the District of Leipzig, 1945-1990: A Bibilography of Books and Periodicals]. Ulrich Kiehl. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2002. 661 p. 25 cm. (Bibliographien: Buch, Bibliothek, Literatur, 4). ISBN 3-447-04563-9: EUR 80 [03-1-117]

This volume contains bibliographical citations to the works of 168 authors who lived in the East German district of Leipzig, permanently or temporarily, during the years 1945-1990. Unlike many localized author lexicons, emphasis here is on publications; biographical information is fairly brief. For each author, works are arranged under the following headings: (independent) publications, works edited, collaborations, translations, television, radio, theater, publications in anthologies, periodicals, and journalism. Each writer's monographic works are listed for the entire period, but works appearing as part of other publications are included only for the years the writer lived in the Leipzig District. When given, secondary literature is listed under the heading "Life and Work".

The introduction (p. 6-78) gives an overview of East German literature, arranged by periods corresponding to the literature directives of the East German government. It also discusses the Institut für Literatur "Johannes R. Becher", an establishment of the East German government for the training of writers. The institute's publications are listed at the beginning of the bibliography, as are general works on writers from the Leipzig district, including members of the Leipzig chapter of the Schriftstellerverband der DDR [Writers Association of the German Democratic Republic]. In all, the bibliography contains an impressive 6,992 citations. Because of its coverage of the entire East German period and its inclusion of journalistic and media works, it serves as a useful supplement to the older, but still standard, Literatur in der DDR: bibliographische Annalen 1945-1962 (Berlin, 1986). [sh/jc]

Quellenlexikon zur deutschen Literaturgeschichte: Personal- und Einzelwerk</b>-bibliographien der internationalen Sekundärliteratur 1945-1990 zur deutschen Literatur von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart = Bibliography of Studies on German Literary History [: Bibliography of Secondary Literature on German Authors and Works from the Earliest Times to the Present]. Heiner Schmidt. 3d rev., substantially expanded, and updated ed. Duisburg: Verlag für Pädagogische Dokumentation. 25 cm. Title of the 1st and 2d eds.: Quellenlexikon der Interpretationen und Textanalysen [03-1-118]

Vol. 33. Wei-Wit. 2003. 479 p. ISBN 3-930551-33-0: EUR 135

Vol. 34. Wit-Zz. 2003. 436 p. ISBN 3-930551-34-9: EUR 135

Vol.35/36. Werktitelindex. [Title Index]. 2003. 916 p. ISBN 3-930551-36-5: EUR 270

We must take note of a grand event: one of the greatest bibliographic projects of our time, the third edition of the Quellenlexikon, has been completed. In just 10 years, 17,299 pages containing 595,000 entries (covering 26,000 authors) have been compiled by an international team of 45 scholars from several continents. Starting in 1994 (see RREO 1994, section BD-94-3/4, nr. 94-3/4-438), subscribers knew that four volumes would be published each year like clockwork.

As the English-language title suggests, this 36-volume work is in fact a bibliography, not, as the German title suggests, a dictionary. Each title that is included is accompanied by a brief summary, which is useful for those written in more obscure languages. While the term "e;German Literary History"e; might suggest a limitation of content, nothing could be further from the truth. The coverage is very broad and includes philosophy, pedagogy, theology, cultural studies, etc. A sample of authors for whom entries are included gives an idea of the breadth and depth of coverage (in parentheses are the numbers of entries provided): Leibniz (3,500), Luther (8,800), Marx (6,600), Nietzsche (4,400), Wagner (1,280), Wittgenstein (4,900).

This bibliography aims to include authors and literary works about whom secondary literature has been published between 1945 and 1990. This criterion is considered to have been met if an author has been entered into Kosch, or an article has appeared in the Verfasserlexikon or in the Deutsches Biographisches Archiv.

The final double-volume (35/36) carries the subtitle Wer schrieb welches Werk? Ein Titelbuch der deutschen Literatur und Geistesgeschichte [Who Wrote What? A Title Index to German Literature and Intellectual History]. It covers ca. 48,000 works of the secondary literature and provides title keyword indexing, although library on-line catalogs with their ļ¬,exible author and title access points have diminished the importance of this type of printed index.

Following the suggestion of the 1998 reviewer (see RREA 4:120), it appears that the publishers intend to produce a CD with corrections and important post-1990 references: faithful subscribers to the multi-volume print edition would surely appreciate a "friendly" price for this update. [sh/erh]

Deutsche Minderheitenliteraturen: regionalliterarische und interkulturelle Perspektiven der Kritik. Mit einer Bibliographie zur Forschung 1970-2000 [German Minority Literatures: Regional-Literary and Intercultural Critical Perspectives, with a Bibliography of Scholarship, 1970-2000]. Alexander Ritter. München: Südostdeutsches Kulturwerk, 2001. 427 p. 24 cm. (Veröffentlichungen des Südostdeutschen Kulturwerks. Reihe B, Wissenschaftliche Arbeiten, 88). ISBN 3-88356-130-4: EUR 24 [03-1-120]

The situation of German-speaking authors living and writing outside Germany has much in common with those immigrants in Germany who write in German, that is, both groups complain of ignorance, arrogance, and apathy on the part of literary critics, editors, lecturers, and professors. The situation of the latter group seems to be improving; as indicated by recent reference works such as Carmine Chiellino's over-500-page Interkulturelle Literatur in Deutschland: ein Handbuch [Inter-Cultural Literature in Germany: A Handbook] (see RREA 7:110).

The former group continues to suffer the stigma of literary theory that was expounded in the Third Reich, but it has an important advocate in Alexander Ritter, who has studied it since the late 1960s. In this volume he offers 18 partly revised essays published between 1975 and 1999. His research bibliography on pages 407-428, Bibliographie der wissenschaftlichen Rezeption deutscher Minderheitenliteraturen 1970- 2000 [Bibliography of the Scholarly Reception of German Minority Literature, 1970-2000], covers German-speaking writers in Belgium, Canada, Denmark (particularly northern Slesvig), France (Alsace), Hungary, Italy (South Tyrol), Romania, Russia and other Soviet successor states, and the United States. Ritter is preparing a complementary bibliography for the second reprint edition of Karl Kurt Klein's Literaturgeschichte des Deutschtums im Ausland [Literary History of Germans Abroad] (Leipzig, 1939; reprinted Hildesheim, 1979). Entitled Biblographie zur deutschen Sprache und deutschsprachigen Literatur im Ausland 1945-1978 [Bibliography of the German Language and German-Language Literature Abroad, 1945-1978], this work will contain some 800 titles. [sh/ga]

Informationshandbuch deutsche Literaturwissenschaft: mit Internet- und CD-ROM-Recherche [Handbook for the Study of German Literature, Including Use of the Internet and CD-ROMs]. Hansjürgen Blinn. 4th rev. and extensively expanded ed., 2d corrected printing. Frankfurt am Main: Fischer-Taschenbuch-Verlag, 2003. 554 p. 19 cm. (Fischer-Taschenbücher, 15268). ISBN 3-596-15268-2: EUR 14.90 [03-1-121]

The fourth revised and expanded edition of this important handbook (which has been appearing in new editions since 1982) was reviewed previously (see RREA 8:96). The edition cited here appeared in January 2003 as the second corrected printing of the fourth edition published in 2001. "Second corrected printing" is a somewhat grandiose description of a reissue in which, according to the author, a small number of printer's and other minor errors on about 20 pages have been fixed. A web page at http://www.fischer-tb.de/blinn dedicated to "continuous supplements and updates" to the edition was announced in this second printing. However, as of November 2004 the page was not available. [sh/vh+gw]

Romantik-Handbuch [Handbook of the Romantic Movement]. Ed. Helmut Schanze. 2d, rev. and updated ed. Stuttgart: Kröner, 2003. xxviii, 810 p. 18 cm. (Kröners Taschenausgabe, 363). ISBN 3-520-36302-X: EUR 29 [03-1-123]

The first edition of this work was published in 1994 and received a highly positive review (see RREO 1995, section BD-95-1, nr. 95-1-081). It was reissued in 1998, "with a few additions" and at a much more competitive price, as volume 363 in the Kröners Taschenausgabe series. It has now been issued in an updated and slightly expanded edition. Updates have been made mainly to the bibliographies that close parts I, II, and III (covering historical contexts, literary forms, and the arts and sciences). It appears that the bibliography at the end of part IV, on bio-bibliographies, has not been updated, although the typesetting has changed and the number of pages slightly increased.

The preface to the second edition gives a brief overview of the current state of scholarship in Romantic studies, whose "wide range and heterogeneity can hardly be overstated," although "radical new approaches sometimes are revealed to be revivals of questions raised by much earlier scholars" (p. xvi). A number of unsolved research problems are mentioned; it will be the province of yet another, even more thoroughly revised edition to address these fully. Such a future edition should also expand the current bibliographies, which are limited to primary literature, so as to include a critical selection of the secondary literature. Such a publication might well outgrow the physical dimensions associated with this particular series, in which case the Kröner Verlag should consider giving the volume a larger format-something it has done with several other titles in similar circumstances. [sh/crc]

Bachmann-Handbuch: Leben, Werk, Wirkung [Bachmann Handbook: Life, Work, Reception]. Ed. Monika Albrecht and Dirk Göttsche. Stuttgart; Weimar: Metzler, 2002. ix, 330 p. 25 cm. ISBN 3-476-01810-5: EUR 49.90 [03-1-124]

TheBachmann Handbook provides an excellent portrait of the author and her work, fulfilling the editors' promise of a useful reference for scholars and interested readers. The volume contains essays by 11 scholars divided among (1) a chronological survey of Bachmann's life, work, and reception; (2) a series of essays on her works in all genres, from lyric poetry, narrative, and journalism to peripheral forms such as radio plays and translations; and (3) a treatment of Bachmann's excursions into psychology, psychiatry, philosophy, historiography, and music. An appendix provides a selective bibliography of secondary literature. The variety of critical perspectives reļ¬, ected in the essays and the apparent effort all contributors have made to treat controversial areas as objectively as possible are especially valuable. [gr/ab]

Bibliographie der Sekundärliteratur zu Franz Fühmann [Bibliography of Secondary Literature on Franz Fühmann]. Henk de Wild. Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 2003. 317 p. 21 cm. ISBN 3-631-39631-7: EUR 45 [03-1-126]

That an author bibliography, the title of which mentions only secondary sources, nonetheless begins with a bibliography of the writer's works (assigned numbers prefaced by "W") and a list of conversations and interviews (numbers prefaced by "G") is somewhat unusual. That de Wild chose this approach has mainly to do with the fact that in his numerous annotations-which are inelegantly organized using pictograms-he used the "W" or "G" number when referring to the primary work that a secondary source treats. In addition to the research literature, which is also documented in the entry for Fühmann in the Quellenlexikon zur deutschen Literaturwissenschaft [Bibliography of Sources for Research in German Literature], numerous entries for newspaper articles are included, and represent the principal contribution of de Wild's work. The purely chronological listing of the secondary literature is inadequate; it would be easier to use had it been organized by the title treated and then chronologically; a similarly logical organizing principle could have been devised for miscellaneous secondary sources. Such is the case in the Quellenlexikon, where the secondary sources are first listed by author, but also subsequently by work title. In both portions of de Wild's work one notes the occasional missing title. The sole index is for authors and editors, and is limited to the "main titles," which must mean those with "W" numbers, and not those mentioned in the annotations. [sh/dsa]

Die Goethe-Chronik [Goethe Chronology]. Rose Unterberger. Frankfurt am Main; Leipzig: Insel-Verlag, 2002. 557 p. 25 cm. ISBN 3-458-17100-2: EUR 38 [03-1-127]

Die Goethe-Chronik steers a middle ground between Steiger and Reimann's eight-volume Goethes Leben von Tag zu Tag [Goethe's Life from Day to Day] and Götting's selective Chronik von Goethes Leben or Golz's short outline Johann Wolfgang Goethe. Unterberger's relative completeness thus can appeal not only to the Goethe afi cionado but also the researcher. Unlike Steiger and Reimann, who construct a documentary work upon quoted original sources, Unterberger's text comprises a readable formulation of information, context, and infrequently employed quotations; however, numerous overly general bibliographic source references are diļ¬fcult to use and unnecessarily belabor the text. The book's structure is reliably iterated according to the formula of place, time, life, and work, and the division into biographical sections and subsections is plausible and works thanks to running column titles. Excellent indexes of persons, places, and keywords provide enhanced access to a convincing, useful, and handy presentation of information. Overall, Unterberger's chronology offers something of unique value in a crowded field, and the weaknesses noted should not be considered substantive. [ss/rlk]

Der Nachlass der Brüder Grimm [The Papers of the Brothers Grimm]. Ed. Ralf Breslau. 2 vols. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1997. 894 p. 29 cm. (Kataloge der Handschriftenabteilung, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin-Preussischer Kulturbesitz. Reihe 2, Nachlässe, 3). ISBN 3-447-03857-8: EUR 99 [03-1-128]

This review, because of its lateness, incorporates comments by other reviewers as well. The two extensive folio volumes replace the catalog prepared by Hans Daffis in 1923, which was, as one reviewer notes, only a rough inventory of the collection at the Preussische Staatsbibliothek. The numbering of the Daffis catalog is retained as a matter of continuity. Few major items have been added to the collection, but the material is now presented in more depth and breadth. Historically, the papers of the Brothers Grimm have led a fragmented existence, and even today parts of this archival collection are kept at a number of different institutions. This catalog virtually unifies what earlier were dispersed holdings located at the following places: (1) the Preussische Staatsbibliothek, Unter den Linden, Berlin (mainly the correspondence, but also items concerning the family history and others); (2) the Scharoun Building on Berlin's Potsdamer Platz (the bulk of the archives, including acquisitions between 1950 and 1991); (3) the Jagiellonian Library in Cracow (Autographs and Varnhagen Collections); and (4) the Warsaw University Library (additional autograph letters and other items). In the meantime, the first two components have been reunited at the Potsdamer Platz location.

The bibliography is selective (228 titles) and focuses on items concerning the correspondence, papers, and reception history. A systematic overview arranged by topical and formal criteria precedes the listings of the catalog. The description of the individual items follows the guidelines of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. Frequent repetitions, about which one reviewer complains, are inevitable and necessary in this kind of project. Another reviewer has lamented the fact that individual items are not printed in detail, but this would go beyond the scope of a descriptive catalog. An index of works (Werkregister) and an index of names and subjects provide access to the catalog. The indexes are strong in covering names of people, less so with topics. Forms of personal names have been standardized for the index, but cross-references to alternate forms are unfortunately absent. For the works, not surprisingly, the Werkregister provides the main access, but it lacks items acquired after 1945. The personal-name index strives for completeness; the subject index is rather restrictive.

Occasional errata and shortcomings are almost inevitable, given the scope of 2,691 entries, and earlier reviewers have detailed some of them. In summary, this catalog is an impressive and exemplary undertaking. [wh/rs]

Internationale Bibliographie zum Werk Gerhart Hauptmanns [International Gerhart Hauptmann Bibliography]. Sigfrid Hoefert. Berlin: Erich Schmidt. 24 cm. (Veröffentlichungen der Gerhart-Hauptmann-Gesellschaft, ...). [03-1-129]

Vol. 3. 2002. 154 p. (... , 12). ISBN 3-503-06154-2: EUR 34.80

Hauptmann (1862-1946), the Nobel Prize-winning playwright and poet, can be considered fortunate to have such a dedicated and competent bibliographer as Sigfrid Hoefert. This third volume covers the years 1989-2001, and like its predecessors it includes both primary and secondary literature in separate sections, the primary with subcategories for collected and separately issued works, translations (by language), and miscellaneous writings, the secondary sub-arranged into books and articles, with German-language works preceding those in other languages. All categories are arranged chronologically. Most items have been examined; those that have not are indicated. Name, title, and subject indexes are offered. Hoefert is to be commended for being selective, particularly in the inclusion of theater reviews. [sh/gw]

Ernst-Jünger-Bibliographie: wissenschaftliche und essayistische Beiträge zu seinem Werk (1928-2002) [Ernst Jünger Bibliography: Scholarly and Critical Contributions on his Work, 1928-2002]. Nicolai Riedel. Stuttgart; Weimar: Metzler, 2003. xii, 383 p. 24 cm. (Personalbibliographien zur neueren deutschen Literatur, 5). ISBN 3-476-01961-6: EUR 149.95 [03-1-130]

Ernst Jünger (1895-1998) is not as well known in the United States as he is in France or Italy (to say nothing of his native Germany): a brief outline of his career will indicate the interest of this contradictory figure. A storm-trooper in World War I, he was the youngest (and the last) recipient of the Empire's highest military honor, the Pour le Mérite. His wartime diaries won him fame and economic independence, and his anti-democratic writings provided inspiration to the Nazis and other rightists under the Weimar Republic. Called back to the army in World War II, serving in Paris, he moved in both the highest circles of French literary and artistic life and in those of the officers conspiring to assassinate Hitler. His post-war essay "The Peace" was an apologia of sorts for the German people, but it had originally been drafted as a call for a restored Christian autocracy had the assassination attempt succeeded. In the 1970s, he became an inspiration to both anarchists on the left in Italy and to French neoconservatives. He dropped acid with its discoverer, collected beetles, and lived to see partial rehabilitation by the time he died at the age of 102.

Nicolai Riedel, as a scholar at the Deutsches Literaturarchiv in Marbach, which holds Jünger's papers and many related collections, was well placed to produce the current work. This is not a bibliography of Jünger's own works (that topic is covered-not altogether satisfactorily-by Horst Mühleisen's Bibliographie der Werke Ernst Jüngers, rev. ed., Stuttgart, 1996; see RREA 3:133). Rather, it covers the history of the reception of Jünger's work, as reļ¬,ected in published essays and scholarship (with a side-glance at literary criticism).

Riedel draws mainly on material held in the Deutsches Literaturarchiv-some 1,971 entries in all-but makes reference to a considerable body of other material. Any survey on a figure such as Jünger must remain incomplete (and, if even possible, would require an international team of scholars), but Riedel's work draws high marks for its organization and user-friendliness.

Part 1 lists bibliographies and editions, along with monographs and periodicals, for a total of 293 entries. Part 2 is divided into fi ve sections, of which the most important are: reception and scholarship; studies of individual works; and contributions to periodicals and collections. The last is the largest of the five and is further subdivided. There are sections on biographical works; studies of Jünger's writings; problems, concepts, and themes; the political and historical contexts of Jünger's life and work, along with sections devoted to comparisons between him and his contemporaries; Jünger in France; and, finally, his poetics, aesthetics, and philosophy.

One might have liked a section on the reception of Jünger in Italy and the Spanish-speaking lands, where, aside from France, his influence was most keenly felt. But given Riedel's decision not to attempt complete documentation of Jünger's worldwide reception, further expansion would be almost at random, and the arrangement of the work allows for easy insertion of other topics in later editions. Furthermore, Riedel has promised that regular supplements to his bibliography will appear in the annual Les Carnets: revue du Centre de recherche et de documentation Ernst Jünger.

The work is completed by several indexes: to Jünger's works, to periodicals, to subjects, and to persons. The subject index is particularly thorough and well organized. In short, there is little to complain of, and much to praise in Riedel's work on a major figure of 20th-century German thought and literature. [mb/dss]

Erich-Kästner-Bibliographie: Veröffentlichungen anlässlich seines 100. Geburtstags [Erich Kästner Bibliography: Publications on the Occasion of His 100th Birthday]. Johan Zonneveld. Eitorf: Gata-Verlag, 2002. 109 p. 21 cm. (Archiv zum Erich-Kästner-Jahrbuch, 2). ISBN 3-932174-53-3 (incorrect): EUR 14.98 [03-1-131]

The bibliography under review records secondary literature published from 1998-2000 on the occasion of Erich Kästner's 100th birthday, as well as academic publications without connection to his birthday. The bibliography is divided into four very dissimilar sections: (1) books and essays (essays include contributions to monographs and serial collected works); (2) general newspaper articles; (3) articles from the daily press; and (4) radio and television broadcasts.

The quality of the bibliography is mediocre, and the citation form rather unusual. The dreadful layout appears as if a dot matrix printer had been used. Better typography would have considerably eased the use of the bibliography. Authors are given in the form: First name, Surname, and in italics, instead of emphasizing the surname. Date, but not pagination, is given for the newspaper articles, causing considerable difficulty in obtaining articles through interlibrary loan. An index is completely lacking, and the publisher used a wretched adhesive binding that causes pages to fall out after little use. Both content and external form display what has been described as the "rampant capriciousness of independent do-it-yourself bookmakers." Forthcoming bibliographies in the Archiv zum Erich-Kästner-Jahrbuch series need much improvement. [sh/rm]

Karl-May-Stars. Michael Petzel. Bamberg; Radebeul: Karl-May-Verlag, 2002. iii, 317 p. ill. 18 cm. (Sonderband zu den gesammelten Werken Karl May's [Supplemental Volume to the Collected Works of Karl May]). ISBN 3-7802-0162-3: EUR 29.90 [03-1-132]

Karl May (1842-1912) was a German writer noted especially for his popular fiction with favorable depictions of North American Indians. The books achieved great success, and the films based on his works attained a cult status among certain circles which continues today. From what seems to be an inexhaustible supply of information and still photos from older Karl May films, Michael Petzel, a specialist on these fi lms, has produced a work for fans. It compiles biographies of associated actors and fi lm production personnel. Most of the 121 entries include substantial text and several illustrations. However, persons judged to have achieved fame independently of the Karl May films are accorded only a page of text and a single illustration. [sh/hrh]

Karl May-Personen in seinem Leben: ein alphabetisches annotiertes Namensverzeichnis [Karl May-People In His Life: An Alphabetical Annotated Directory of Names]. Volker Griese with Wolfgang Sämmer. Münster: Verlagshaus Mosenstein und Vannerdat, 2003. 384 p. 21 cm. (Edition Octopus). ISBN 3-936600-71-6: EUR 22.20 [03-1-133]

The author has previously chronicled Karl May's life in Karl May: Chronik seines Lebens (Husum, 2001; see in IFB 01-2-298) and now presents a directory of persons who had contact with the author, either in person or in correspondence. The latter are often admirers of the famous author, about whom nothing is known other than that they corresponded with May. Some more familiar names, such as May's publisher, receive fairly substantial articles, including biographical information and citations. This is further proof of what Karl May fans can dig up on their favorite author and share with like-minded folks. [sh/hh]

Bibliographie Arno Schmidt [Arno Schmidt Bibliography]. Karl-Heinz Müther. Bielefeld: Aisthesis-Verlag. 26 cm. (Bibliographien zur deutschen Literaturgeschichte, 1). [03-1-134]

Fasc. 6. 2003. 123 p. ISBN 3-89528-401-7: EUR 19.50

With admirable regularity, every two years Arno Schmidt bibliographer Müther presents another supplement to his 1992 bibliography that originally covered research from the years 1949-1991 (see RREA 7:113). The supplements are testimony to the continuing interest of literary scholars, critics, and the community in general, as evidenced by the growing number of listed Internet addresses and audio books. It is increasingly inconvenient to search a work plus its six supplements, and one would welcome a cumulation of all components, knowing full well the burden that places on a small publishing company. Perhaps the heightened interest and output in 2004, the 90th anniversary of Arno Schmidt's birth, will motivate a move in that direction with some external funding. [sh/hh]

Deutschsprachige Dramen in der Fürst-Thurn-und-Taxis-Hofbibliothek in Regensburg (1750-1800) : eine Bibliographie [German-Language Plays in the Prince Thurn and Taxis Court Library in Regensburg]. Manfred Knedlik. Bern; Berlin: Lang, 2002. 217 p. 22 cm. (IRIS, 19). ISBN 3-906770-18-4: EUR 39.30 [03-1-135]

Music, theater, and the library were focal points at the court of the Prince of Thurn and Taxis in the second half of the 18th century. Consequently, the theater collection of the court library in Regensburg was a particularly rich one, on a par with other major collections of the period such as the Oettingen-Wallerstein Library (now at the University Library in Augsburg) and Court Library in Coburg. The catalog under review lists German-language items, including numerous translations from French, English, and Italian. It contains some 1,100 individual titles and includes an index of persons as well as one of printing and publishing places. This catalog is a good specialized complement to Reinhart Meyer's more comprehensive Bibliographia dramatica et dramaticorum (see IFB 99-1/4-277), which is surprisingly absent from this catalog's bibliography. [sh/rs]

Bibliographie der Utopie und Phantastik 1650-1950: im deutschen Sprachraum [Bibliography of Utopian and Fantasy Literature in German-Speaking Countries, 1650-1950]. Robert N. Bloch. Hamburg; Giessen: Achilla-Presse, 2002. 340 p. ill. 27 cm. ISBN 3-928398-85-7: EUR 59 (R. Bloch, Postfach 100622, D-35336 Giessen, e-mail: robertbloch@web.de) [03-1-136]

This bibliography is an extension and a revision of a previous bibliography by the same author that dealt with prose utopian and fantasy literature from 1750-1950. Titles from the previous work were omitted if the author decided they did not conform to his definition of these terms: the text must be a narrative, with a predominantly fantasy character, which can be utopian, supersensory, grotesque, surreal, mystical, or fairy tale. Fairy tales themselves, as well as texts that deal primarily with horror, are not included. The 3,473 entries contain the requisite bibliographical data, although the author does not state whether titles are first editions, and only one edition of a text is listed. There is an index for publishers series, a chronological list of titles (the earliest dates from 1659), and a subject keyword index. This is a welcome bibliography of German-language titles that can hold its own with bibliographies of long standing for English-language titles in the genre. [sh/ldl]

Die Rezeption Byrons in der deutschen Kritik (1820-1914): eine Dokumentation. Mit einer Byronbibliographie [Byron's Reception in German Criticism (1820- 1914): With a Byron Bibliography]. Ed. Günther Blaicher and Brigitte Glaser. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, 2001. 669 p. 24 cm. ISBN 3-8260-2113-4: EUR 76 [03-1-137]

Die deutschen Byrons: Biographien [German Byrons: Biographies]. Georg Tannheimer. Hamburg: Kovac, 2001. 395 p. 21 cm. (Schriften zur Literaturgeschichte, 3). Diss. Univ. Eichstätt, 2001. ISBN 3-8300-0448-6: EUR 96.60 [03-1-138]

Byron's fame on the continent was even greater than in his native land-that Goethe based his character Euphorion in Faust, Part 2, on him is sufficient testimony to his renown in Germany.

The opening section of the first work under review reproduces texts reflecting reactions to the poet arranged under a number of headings. It excludes easily accessible biographies and academic criticism, and concentrates on items from broadly popular reviews and journals. Brief bio-bibliographical information on their mostly obscure authors is included.

More important is Brigitte Glaser's bibliography section concerning Byron in Germany (p. 627-663). It covers bibliographies, editions of Byron published in Germany (both in German and in English-of which there are many), biographical materials, and literary criticism. The citations are short and omit the extent of the works cited. It is not clear how complete the work is-casual inspection reveals some omissions. A further lack is that of indexes: those of authors and especially of translators would have been indispensable for our knowledge of Byron's reception during this period.

Some of the German biographies mostly omitted from Blaicher's work are the subject of Tannheimer's volume. Ten are treated, ranging in date from 1826 to 1929. Th e first part of the book is devoted to the biographers' sources, the second and larger part to their discussions of the periods in the poet's life and of various prominent themes. Indexes corresponding to each of these parts follow, one for each of the biographers. Bio-bibliographical information on them similar to that provided in the Blaicher volume would have been useful. [sh/dss]

Verzeichnis sämmtlicher Ausgaben und Uebersetzungen der Werke Friedrichs des Grossen, Königs von Preussen [Catalog of All Editions and Translations of Works by Frederick the Great, King of Prussia]. Gustave Leithäuser. Reprint of the 1878 edition, ed. Gerhard Knoll. Osnabrück: Wenner, 2001. 27, x, 109 p. 24 cm. ISBN 3-87898-374-3: EUR 35 [03-1-141]

Although he was German, it is justifiable to consider Frederick the Great's works as part of the French print literature of the Enlightenment. Composed in French, his writings were successful, translated into numerous languages-including that of his subjects-and widely disseminated. The boldness, even impropriety of some of them provoked the censor, resulting in numerous variations in printing as well as unauthorized editions, and producing a complicated publication history similar to that of works by other members of the Enlightenment, including Voltaire. A reliable and thorough bibliography that would clarify the complicated printing history of Frederick's works has not appeared so far. This is being prepared by Gerhard Knoll, who for years has collected materials for that purpose, even discovering a text long believed lost. According to the publisher's web site, the publication of Knoll's bibliography is expected in 2010. Knoll has written elsewhere of the difficult problems that slow the preparation of his bibliography. Because it will not be available for a number of years yet, publisher and editor decided to reprint the bibliography by Gustav Adolf Leithäuser, who cannot be said to have been at home in a bibliographic milieu. Th e work was commissioned by Crown Prince William, the future Kaiser Frederick III, and covers mainly holdings from Berlin libraries. Unfortunately, Leithäuser gives no indication of holding institution, and it is now impossible to determine what originally was in which library, as many of the collections were lost in wartime and are therefore no longer available for consultation. The bibliography's 666 entries, with only sparse annotations, do not meet present day standards, so it is not a particularly compelling acquisition, especially when an accurate bibliography based on the holdings of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Catalogue des ouvrages de Frédéric II, le Grand, conservé au Départment de Imprimés (Paris, 1914), is available, and another work, by H. & E. Henning, Bibliographie Friedrich der Grosse 1786-1984 (Berlin, 1988), contains a large section on the primary literature. [sh/hrh]

Bibliographischer Führer durch die Jules-Verne-Forschung 1872-2001 = Guide bibliographique à travers la critique vernienne 1872-2001 [Bibliographic Guide to Jules Verne Research, 1872-2001]. Volker Dehs. Dual-language ed. Wetzlar: Förderkreis Phantastik, 2002. 438 p. 21 cm. (Schriftenreihe und Materialien der Phantastischen Bibliothek Wetzlar, 63). EUR 16 [03-1-142]

Interest in the "father of science fiction" accelerated during the last three decades of the 20th century, reaching one of its high points at the 150th birthday of the author in 1978. More recently the original texts have been reproduced, and the correspondence with Verne's publisher, Pierre-Jules Hetzel, has begun to be published. Intricately involved with such progress have been the Archives located in the author's birth town of Nantes (which possesses nearly all of Verne's manuscripts) and in the locale of his death, Amiens, along with the Jules Verne Society in Paris. The author of this bibliography sits on the boards of the latter two institutions and has distinguished himself by his own Verne research. The bibliography is selective, limiting itself to primary literature and 2,000 secondary publications about Jules Verne considered most important for their seriousness, utility, and originality, as well as their international reach. The secondary literature falls into five well-structured categories: (1) reference works and collective publications, (2) biography, (3) literary analyses, (4) reception and influence, and (5) Pierre-Jules Hetzel. Critical and scholarly annotations in both German and French broadly extend the value of this volume. Some of the work goes too far: library-holdings information would have been necessary only for the rarer titles. All in all, a magnificent bibliography that deserves ongoing updates. [sh/rdh]

Catalogo del fondo leopardiano [Catalog of the Leopardi Collection]. Ed. Fiorella De Simone and Adriano Santiemma for the Ministero per i Beni Culturali e Ambientali, Ufficio per i Beni Librari, le Istituzioni Culturali e l'Editoria. Roma: De Luca, 1998. 187 p. ill. 24 cm. ISBN 88-8016-246-2: Lit. 45,000 [03-1-154]

This catalog was published on the occasion of the 200th anniversary year of the birth of the great Italian writer Giacomo Leopardi (1798-1837). Its subject is the Leopardi Collection of the Alessandrina, the library of the university La Sapienza in Rome, and it includes publications by and about Leopardi from the 19th century and into the first three decades of the 20th. (The collection was originally acquired in 1907 from the Libreria Nardecchia, at the time located directly across the street from the library. Only after 1941 did it become a "closed" collection.) The catalog lists 898 titles, largely secondary works ( works by Leopardi are covered in items number 387-524, including some first editions). There are several indexes, including ones for names and publishers. The most interesting of the introductory essays is by Giovanni Rita, "Leopardi in Alessandrina (1907-1941)," which provides a history of the library's acquisitions. A bonus in this volume is the inclusion of a number of rare titles missing from the Bibliografi a leopardiana, the standard bibliography for this author. [sh/sl]

Bibliografia analitica leopardiana [Annotated Leopardi Bibliography]. Ed. Ermanno Carini and Antonella Sbriccoli for the Centro Nazionale di Studi Leopardiani in Recanati. Firenze: Olschki. 24 cm. (Biblioteca di bibliografi a italiana, ...). [03-1-155]

1981/86. 1998. 221 p. (..., 153). ISBN 88-222-4674-8: EUR 28

This serial bibliography of works by and about Giacomo Leopardi (1798-1837) first appeared in 1931. Although recent editions have been published at 10-year intervals, the present volume covers only five years (1981-1986) in anticipation of the large number of titles published in 1987, the 150th anniversary year of Leopardi's death. (The next volume, covering publications from 1987-1990, was announced for publication in 2003, but it has yet to appear-a problem in the publication of this series that has gotten worse over the years.)

The organization of the 1,262 titles is the same as for the previous edition (which, though covering a span of time that was twice as long, contains ca. 20% fewer titles), and is divided into (1) bibliographies, (2) general works, (3) biography, (4) works/editions, (5) secondary literature, (6) the Leopardi family, (7) miscellaneous, and (8) addenda. Within each section titles are organized chronologically, then alphabetically. The bibliographic descriptions are exemplary, except for the excessive use of unpronounceable abbreviations for magazines and newspapers (among which there are, in spite of the editors' claims to international coverage, alarmingly few non-Italian titles, including some that turned up immediately in a spot-check of another source). Non-meaningful titles are supplemented with brief annotations. Reviews are noted. A regrettable omission is a subject index, which would have been especially useful for the 640 titles in the "general" section. There is an index for authors and titles. One hopes that the assurance given in the foreword that this bibliography will be published in a timelier fashion will be honored. [sh/sl]

L'eredità musicale di Giacomo Leopardi: bibliografi a analitica [The Musical Heritage of Giacomo Leopardi: An Analytic Bibliography]. Giuseppe Luppino. Recanati: Edizioni CNSL, 2002. xxxvi, 213 p. 22 cm. (Edizioni del Centro Nazionale di Studi Leopardiani, 17). EUR 12.91 (Centro Nazionale di Studi Leopardiani, Via Monte Tabor 2, I-62019 Recanati, e-mail: cnsl@mercurio.it) [03-1-157]

Originally written as a dissertation at the Vatican's library school, this bibliography organizes publications on the relationship of music to the work of Leopardi into four sections: (1) Leopardi's musical aesthetic; (2) compositions to Leopardi texts; (3) reviews, also of concerts (primarily of those works listed in the second section); and (4) the musicality of Leopardi's lyrics. The listings are fairly generously annotated, which is especially useful as books and articles are listed that are not primarily about Leopardi and music. A fifth section lists all titles (with annotations) yet again, this time chronologically, thus doubling the number of pages contained in this volume. [sh/sl]

Leopardi in Europa: Istituto Italiano di Cultura, Parlamento Europeo, Bruxelles, 1-2 dicembre 1998 [Leopardi in Europe: Italian Institute of Culture, European Parliament, Brussels, 1-2 December 1998]. Ed. Franco Musarra for the Centro Nazionale di Studi Leopardiani, Recanati. Leuven: Leuven University Press; Firenze: Cesati, 2000. 118 p. 23 cm. (University Leuven: Nuova serie, 3). ISBN 90-5867-041-4 (Leuven University Press), ISBN 88-7667-041-4 (Cesati): EUR 15 [03-1-159]

This collection of essays, published in connection with a small exhibit at the headquarters of the European Union on the occasion of the 1998 Leopardi celebrations, is included here for its bibliography (p. 89-113) devoted to works by and about Leopardi in Dutch/Flemish. Coverage of primary and secondary works aims for comprehensiveness, unlike the sections devoted to reference works and allusions to Leopardi in Dutch belles-lettres. Most of the translations of Leopardi's works into Dutch appeared in the first half of the 20th century. [sh/sl]

La fortuna di Giacomo Leopardi in Russia [The Fortunes of Giacomo Leopardi in Russia]. Ed. Donata Gelli Mureddu. Recanati: Edizioni CNSL, 1998. 180 p. 22 cm. (Edizioni del Centro Nazionale di Studi Leopardiani, 11). EUR 11.05. (Centro Nazionale di Studi Leopardiani, Via Monte Tabor 2, I-62019 Recanati, e-mail: cnsl@mercurio.it) [03-1-160]

Leopardi's reception in Russia is described in four chronologically organized essays, beginning with the reign of Alexander I and ending after the fall of the Soviet Union. Most of the translations of Leopardi's work into Russian appeared in the period from the end of the 19th century to the Revolution of 1917. The extensive bibliography in the appendix lists all titles (translations and secondary literature) alphabetically and then chronologically. Entries in the alphabetical section are by translator (among them great Russian writers such as Anna Akhmatova). [sh/sl]

Die Drucke von Petrarcas "Rime" 1470-2000: synoptische Bibliographie der Editionen und Kommentare, Bibliotheksnachweise [The Printings of Petrarch's Rime, 1470-2000: Synoptic Bibliography of Editions and Commentaries, with Holding Libraries]. Klaus Ley, Christine Mundt-Espin, and Charlotte Krauss. Hildesheim [et al.]: Olms, 2002. lx, 701 p. 24 cm. ISBN 3-487-11709-6: EUR 98 [03-1-161]

Never needing "rediscovery," the collection of Petrarch's Italian lyric poems known as Rime begins with the dawn of printing, covers 1,254 publications and provides a solid tool for studying the history of the cultural impact of the Rime. It aims at complete coverage of the Italian editions and offers a selection of translations, anthologies, and commentaries. Listed chronologically, each entry provides title, editor/author (as appropriate), place of printing, printer, and year; brief physical description is provided in some entries, as well. When available, evaluative comments from standard scholarly works are included. Reprints are treated inconsistently, the entries for some, but not all, noting the date of the original edition, some not the date of the reprint. Holding library information for each work is provided for European and North American libraries, the latter based on the National Union Catalog. One wishes there were more bibliographies of this kind for other authors and texts that have lived on for hundreds of years. [ch/gw]

Zentren der Petrarca-Rezeption in Deutschland (um 1470-1525): rezeptionsgeschichtliche Studien und Katalog der lateinischen Drucküberlieferung [Centers of Petrarch Reception in Germany (ca. 1470-1525): Reception Studies and Catalog of Existing Latin Publications]. Jürgen Geiss. Wiesbaden: Reichert, 2002. xi, 481 p. 25 cm. Diss., Univ. München, 1998. ISBN 389500-271-2: EUR 72 [03-1-162]

This extraordinarily substantive dissertation offers an instructive introduction to the history of the reception and dissemination of Petrarch's works in Germany during the late 15th and early 16th centuries. To illustrate, GeiĆY uses the example of two works introduced by the Early Humanist Albrecht von Eyb. The study, organized around the most important publishing centers in Germany at the time-Strasbourg, Ulm, Lower Rhine/Netherlands/Flanders, Leipzig/Erfurt, and Basel-traces the publishing history of these works into the early 16th century. Part 2 catalogs all known editions of works by Petrarch published in these centers, both in Latin and in the vernacular, 88 in all. The earliest work represented is the Historia Griseldis (ca. 1467/70) and the latest Bucolicum carmen (ca. 1523/24). The compilation demonstrates to what extent Germany and the Netherlands outpaced Italy and France in the publication of Petrarch's writings during this period. Whereas in Italy the reception of Petrarch's Latin works was hindered by the view that his style was too outmoded, the Germans were less concerned with his style and more interested in the ethical and philosophical content of his writings, which won widespread acceptance. The most popular work was the Griseldis story (the Latin version of the last novella in Boccaccio's Decamerone). Geiss's groundbreaking study provides valuable information for scholars of the history of literature, scholarship, and libraries and is essential for academic libraries with humanities collections. [ch/akb]

Edizioni a stampa di Torquato Tasso, 1561-1994: catalogo breve [Printed Editions of Works by Torquato Tasso, 1561-1994: Short-Title Catalog]. Lorenzo Carpané. 2 vols. Bergamo: Centro di Studi Tassiani, 1998. 1,220 p. 24 cm. EUR 15.40 (Centro di Studi Tassiani, Piazza Vecchia 15, I-24129 Bergamo, fax [39 035] 240655, e-mail: info@bibliotecamai.org) [03-1-163]

Up to now the most extensive bibliography of Tasso's works has been the catalog of the Tasso collection of the Bergamo Municipal Library (La raccolta tassiana della Biblioteca Civica "A. Mai" di Bergamo. Bergamo: 1960). As part of the preparatory work for a project to produce a complete national critical edition of Tasso's works this new bibliography prepared by Lorenzo Carpané is intended to provide an exhaustive listing of editions of Tasso's works in Italian and in translation. In all, it lists 2,814 editions (including 91 titles only attributed to Tasso), thus surpassing the 1,830 titles in the 1960 catalog by 35%. (Not surprisingly Gerusalemme liberata, with 1,721 editions, is the most-often-published work, followed by Aminta, with 376 editions). The bibliography was produced on the basis of questionnaires sent to 230 Italian and 480 foreign libraries. Each entry lists title, place, publisher, and year (but no collation data), along with symbols of all libraries holding the edition as well as abbreviations for bibliographies in which the edition is listed. (A list of libraries and their symbols and a list of consulted bibliographies and their abbreviations are included). Indexes provide access via publishers and printers, places of publication, and editors. For separately published works the bibliography is relatively complete. An examination of three German bibliographies not consulted by Carpané found only a very few additional German translations. However, a large number of titles were found for translations or partial translations not published as independent works. Although these are outside the purview of this bibliography, it should be noted that such titles need to be taken into account to obtain a complete picture of the reception of Tasso outside of Italy. [sh/jc]

Russische Literaturgeschichte [Russian Literary History]. Ed. Klaus Städtke with Christine Engel. Stuttgart; Weimar: Metzler, 2002. xiii, 441 p. ill. 25 cm. ISBN 3-476-01540-8: EUR 29.90 [03-1-167]

This literary history of Russia strives for originality, but its peculiar emphases (solid, but very long initial chapters on the Middle Ages and the 18th century at the expense of important exile authors, for example) are tendentious and misleading. A reader of a history such as this should be able to expect a clear overview, but that is not what this work provides. Unfortunately, it employs Soviet-era periodization, something that contemporary literary historians generally try to avoid. The 20th century is treated poorly; major themes are neglected, and major writers and events are left out or treated only in a Soviet context. It is generously illustrated and has a detailed index, but the bibliographies accompanying each chapter are not always adequate, a system of transliteration is used that is difficult for non-specialists to untangle, and the stress is too often on formal issues rather than on intellectual content. [wk/sl]

A Bibliographical Guide to Classical Studies. Graham Whitaker. Hildesheim: Olms-Weidmann. 27 cm.

Vol. 4. Literature: Plato - Semonides of Amorgos; (entries 10996-13738). 2003. viii, 290 p. 26 cm. ISBN 30487-19468-7: EUR 122 [03-1-168]

Some of the good qualities and deficiencies of this bibliography, originally begun as a thesis, were discussed in reviews of the first three volumes (see RREA 4:174 and 6:147). Apparently not all of the material had been assembled at that time; otherwise the time gap until the appearance of volume 4 would not have been so long. If a three-year time gap between volumes continues to be the rule, the last volume of text (volume 8) will appear 35 years after 1980, the latest date for the literature included, although reprints of more recent date are not excluded. This time lag will have an increasingly negative effect as the years pass. Some titles are cited in volume 4, section 3, "Surveys" (which in this case means progress reports). This section also includes articles, unlike the bibliography itself, which is limited to monographs. Volume 9 will contain the indexes to the series. [sh/vh]


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